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Bern Zum Anhören bitte klicken! Abspielen [bɛrn] (französisch Berne [ bɛʁn], italienisch Berna [ ˈbɛrna], rätoromanisch · Audio-Datei / Hörbeispiel Berna. Bern (Kürzel BE; berndeutsch Bärn [pæ̞ːrn], französisch Berne, italienisch Berna, rätoromanisch · Audio-Datei / Hörbeispiel Berna) ist ein Kanton im Westen​. Bern (berndeutsch Bärn [ˈpæ̞ːrn], französisch Berne [ bɛʁn]) ist die Bundesstadt und zugleich mit ' Einwohnern ( Dezember ) die fünftgrösste. Die Liste der Sehenswürdigkeiten der Stadt Bern zeigt die Sehenswürdigkeiten der Schweizer Bundesstadt auf. Inhaltsverzeichnis. 1 Legende; 2 Tabelle. Der Kanton Bern (französisch Canton de Berne) umfasst politische Gemeinden (frz. communes). Er ist der Kanton mit der grössten Anzahl politischer​.

Bern Wikipedia hin, das an der Pädagogischen Hochschule Bern entwickelt wurde. Es analysiert deutschsprachige Wikipedia-Artikel automatisch anhand von. Bern ist die Bundesstadt der Schweiz und die Hauptstadt des Kantons Bern. Die Berner Altstadt liegt in einer Flussschlaufe der Aare. Bern ist eine Stadt mit. Bern Zum Anhören bitte klicken! Abspielen [bɛrn] (französisch Berne [ bɛʁn], italienisch Berna [ ˈbɛrna], rätoromanisch · Audio-Datei / Hörbeispiel Berna.

During the Early Iron Age changes in climate forced the Hallstatt culture — BCE to abandon settlements along many waterways and in the valley floors and move to the plateaus and hills.

With increased trade contacts across the Alps, the cultural influence of the Mediterranean region grew in the area. Evidence of this trade include a hydria which was discovered in Grächwil.

Burial rituals and social classes became more developed during this time. In a grave mound in Bützberg the first burial in the mound was followed by several later burials.

Often, several grave mounds combined to become a necropolis, such as at Grossaffoltern , Ins , Bannwil , Langenthal and Bützberg. Most of the knowledge about the Hallstatt culture in the Canton comes from graves.

The only discovered settlement is around Blanche Church in La Neuveville. The grave goods show that iron was forged into swords, daggers, spearheads, knives and wagon accessories.

Gold, which was probably collected from river sand, was made into diadems, rings and pendants.

Thin bronze arm, leg and neck plates with geometric designs were often buried, especially in the graves at Allenlüften in Mühleberg, at Ins and at Bützberg.

The jewelry that was buried included bracelets and rings which were also made of jet and lignite coal. At Münchringen, the grave pottery was both shaped by hand or thrown on a potter's wheel, and was painted with multi-colored ornamentation.

Numerous graves from unknown settlements , along with the two oppida at Bern-Engehalbinsel and Jensberg by Studen , mark the population centers during the late Iron Age.

Gold coins from Melchnau along with silver and bronze coins first start to appear during this era. A sword with Greek characters that said Korisios was found at the Port site.

At the oppidum at Bern-Engehalbinsel, there were studios for glass and ceramic production, and iron working achieved a high level of skill, along with craftsmen who worked in wood, leather and goldsmithing.

There was a nearby place of worship in the Bremgarten wood, and cemeteries at Münsingen and Bern-Engehalbinsel. Under increasing Roman influence, the local economy and trade flourished.

The main settlements lay at the foot of the Jura Mountains and on the Central Plateau. The existing roads were expanded, especially the Aventicum - Vindonissa and the Petinesca - Augusta Raurica roads.

A fourth alpine pass, the Rawil pass , was added to the traditional three; the Grimsel , Brünig and Susten passes.

Under the Romans, many of the old fortified places were expanded and refortified. The old Helvetii oppidum at the Engehalbinsel became a Roman vicus , which was probably known as Brenodor or Brenodurum.

At the foot of the Jens mountain, the fort Petinesca was built to guard the roads over the Jura Mountains. A number of Roman villas were built around the Canton.

At Oberwichtrach both the main building pars urbana and the industrial section pars rustica of a Roman villa have been discovered.

The villas at Münsingen, Toffen and Herzogenbuchsee have richly detailed Roman mosaics that are still partly visible. The religious practices of the local population merged with Roman beliefs and the Canton of Bern is home to a number of unique cult centers.

They include the larger than life statues of gods including enthroned Jupiter at Petinesca, Engehalbinsel, and Thun-Allmendingen; and a number of stone inscriptions.

At the beginning of the 5th century CE, Rome withdrew its troops from the Rhine garrisons, but allowed the Burgundians to settle on Helvetii lands in CE.

East of the Aare , the transition from the Gallo-Roman dominated population to a Germanic population in the Early Middle Ages happened relatively peacefully.

One exception was the Battle of Wangen in , but elsewhere it generally was a slow process of cultural infiltration.

By the 7th century, the Alamannic settlers had already taken most of the good locations southeast of the Aare and they began moving up the Aare to the regions of Lake Thun and Lake Brienz.

All areas west of the Aare belonged to the romanised Burgundian kingdom, which became part of the Merovingian Frankish kingdom in the During the Carolingian era , the political structure of the Franks had spread into parts of what became Switzerland.

The population west of the Aare generally spoke a Romance language , while those to the east spoke a Germanic language. The region between the rivers Saane and Aare became the language border.

Christianity spread slowly into the Aare valley. The dioceses of Lausanne , Basel , Sion , Chur and Constance were all established before the new faith made inroads into the valley.

The Aare valley was bordered by three dioceses; Lausanne, Constance and Basel. However, the first Christian missionaries came into the valley from Alsace and other western areas.

By the 9th or 10th Century, this Abbey had property and influence all the way to Lake Biel and into the Balsthal valley. The first monastic cells of what would become the Abbey of Saint-Imier was also founded in In the Seeland and Aare valleys, wooden churches were first built during the Merovingian period.

The current churches in Kirchlindach, Oberwil bei Buren and Bleibach were all built above the ruins of these early churches.

About 30 churches in the Bern and Solothurn portions of the Aare valley were created over ruins of Roman villas and subsequent burial grounds in the 7th Century including Meikirch and Oberbipp.

In Mett, the church was built over a 5th-century mausoleum, which was built over a 4th-century tomb.

In , six sarcophagi were buried on St. Peter's Island next to a Roman temple complex. A wooden monastery was built over the complex in the 8th—9th century.

During the 10th century, the Aare valley came fully under the Second Kingdom of Burgundy. They established royal courts at Bümpliz, Münsingen, Uetendorf, Wimmis, Kirchberg and Utzenstorf to allow them to govern the Aare valley.

As a part of the Holy Roman Empire, the valley was involved when the Investiture Controversy broke out in He and his son, Berchtold III, tried to use these lands to expand their power.

In the Zähringer were appointed Rector or delegate of the king in Burgundy. Their hopes for a new, independent Burgundy were dashed in , and the last Zähringen count, Berchtold V, embarked on a program of city founding.

When he died without an heir, the Zähringen lands went to the House of Kyburg , while the offices and fiefs reverted to the empire.

During the High Middle Ages both the Aare valley and the Bernese Oberland were divided into a number of small counties, each with their own baron.

Nobles from the Holy Roman Empire began to marry into the local noble families and a number of the Zähringen Ministerialis families unfree knights in the service of a feudal overlord moved into the Oberland.

The nobles also began to found monasteries to spread their power into the Oberland. During the period between and , at least ten large monasteries were founded by local nobles.

Johannsen in Erlach Fenis family in , Trub Lords of Lützelflüh before and Rüegsau possibly also the Lords of Lützelflüh in first half of the 12th century , the Augustinian Collegiate church in Interlaken Oberhofen family in and the Cistercian Frienisberg Abbey Count Saugern around However, in the Oberland barons revolted against Berchtold V of Zähringen and many of the Oberland barons were killed in the battle of Grindelwald.

During the 13th Century a number of the cities near Bern were granted the city right and appointed mayors and city councils.

Bern became an imperial city. During the midth century, the Empire's presence weakened in the Aare valley, forcing the local nobles to find allies to protect themselves.

Bern entered into a number of treaties with its neighbors in the 13th century. However, in he imposed an imperial tax which drove the city to support Rudolph's enemies.

Although it withstood two sieges by the Emperor in , after the defeat at Schosshalde in it had to pay taxes and a penalty.

In , the city acquired the four surrounding parishes of Bolligen, Vechigen, Stettlen and Muri, destroyed the threatening castles of Bremgarten and Belp and gave the Baron of Montenach Bernese citizenship.

In , Bern acquired the pledged castle and lands. When the Emperor was unable to repay the loan, Laupen became the first bailiwick of Bern.

The fighting led to the " fratricide at Thun Castle " where Eberhard killed his brother Hartmann. To avoid punishment by his Habsburg overlords, Eberhard fled to Bern.

In the following year, he sold the town of Thun , its castle and the land surrounding Thun to Bern. Bern then granted the land back to Eberhard as a fief.

Bern's victory allowed them to bring the Oberhasli region, its capital of Meiringen and Weissenburg under their control.

Bern's continued expansion was at the expense of the feudal lords in the surrounding lands.

In the Habsburgs, Kyburgs and Fribourg, marched against Bern with 17, men and besieged the border town of Laupen. To raise the siege, Bern raised a force of 6,, consisting of Bernese, supported by the Forest Cantons, and other allies Simmental , Weissenbur and Oberhasli.

It entered into a permanent or eternal alliance with Uri, Schwyz and Unterwalden in This date is usually considered the date of Bern's entrance into the Swiss Confederation, however the alliance only indirectly tied Bern to Zürich and Lucerne.

After Rudolf's death Bern acquired clear right to the Aarberg lands from the other heirs. Throughout the 14th Century, Bern entered into alliances and treaties with many of its neighbors, including members of the Swiss Confederation.

The bishop marched south and destroyed Biel along with a number of towns in the southern Jura Mountains.

During the Gugler war in , there were several battles between Bernese troops and English mercenaries under Enguerrand de Coucy.

By the s, the Kyburgs which still held Thun as a fief for Bern were deeply in debt to Bern. The ensuing conflict with the Old Swiss Confederacy known as the Burgdorferkrieg or Kyburgerkrieg allowed Bern to move against the Habsburgs in Aargau.

After the Bernese laid siege to Burgdorf, Neu-Kyburg was forced to concede an unfavourable peace.

The last of the Neu-Kyburgs, Berchtold, died destitute in Bern in In , the Austrians under Leopold of Habsburg invaded eastern Switzerland.

When they besieged the city of Sempach , troops from Zürich, Lucerne and the Forest Cantons marched out and defeated the Austrians at the Battle of Sempach.

In the same year, Fribourg accepted Berns acquisition of the Iselgaus, i. Over the next several decades Bern continued to expand to the detriment of the Habsburgs and Fribourg.

They acquired the following towns: Simmenegg, Signau , Frutigen , Wangen , Trachselwald and Huttwil , Oltigen and in together with Solothurn Bipp and Bechburg.

By , Bern controlled the entire Bernese Oberland. Under their control, the five valleys of the Oberland enjoyed extensive rights and far-reaching autonomy in the Bäuerten farming cooperative municipalities and Talverbänden rural alpine communities.

However, throughout the Late Middle Ages, the Oberland, as a whole or in part, revolted several times against Bernese authority.

The Evil League Böser Bund in fought against Bernese military service and taxes following the Old Zürich War , [11] in the Oberland rose up in resistance to the Protestant Reformation and in Thun revolted.

In the Bernese Oberland during the 13th and the beginning of the 14th century Interlaken Monastery grew to become the largest landholder in the region.

The Monastery controlled the towns of Grindlewald , Lauterbrunnen and numerous farms along Lake Brienz. However, in a period of crises and conflicts led to a decline in the number of monks and nuns and increasing debt.

In , the people of Grindelwald and Wilderswil joined a mutual defense league with Unterwalden. Bern responded with a military expedition to the Bernese Oberland , which ended in defeat for Unterwalden and its allies.

By , Bern was the patron of the Monastery. During the Protestant Reformation , the Monastery was secularized in The canons received a financial settlement and the properties were now managed by a Bernese bailiff.

The tenants of the Monastery who had expected the abolition of all owed debts, responded by rioting, which was suppressed by Bern.

The region had originally been part of the Carolingian Empire. Then, in the Zähringens of Germany defeated the Burgundians, who were then replaced by the counts of Savoy in Under the counts of Savoy the area was given political unity, and established as the Barony of Vaud.

However, as the power of the Savoys declined at the beginning of the 15th century the land was occupied by troops from Bern. By the area was completely annexed.

Reformation was started by co-workers of John Calvin , including Viret , who engaged in a famous debate at the cathedral of Lausanne; but it was only decisively implemented when Bern put its full force behind it.

Vaud was another French-speaking region in the mostly German-speaking canton, which caused several uprisings. Both districts had quite a bit of independence and often entered into treaties against the will and best interests of the Counts.

In the Saanen valley concluded a peace treaty with the Simmental , which provided for arbitration in disputes.

They entered into another treaty in with the Valais. Due to the Bernese alliance, Saanen sent troops, under their own banner, to support the Bernese invasions of Aargau in and Valais in In , during the Burgundian Wars , the mountain regions of Saanen and Pays-d'Enhaut , who were allied with Bern, attacked and burned the tower of Aigle Castle.

They then gave Aigle town and the surrounding district to Bern in exchange for not having to pay one-third of their income to Bern.

In the treaty of Fribourg from , Fribourg received rights over the Aigle district, which they gave up to Bern in Bern rebuilt Aigle Castle in and made it the seat of the bailiwick of Aigle.

In the next year, Charles the Bold retook the castle and executed the Bernese garrison. Each city appointed a vogt for five-year periods.

Saanen and the surrounding district enjoyed a great deal of independence during the 16th century. Bern took over the entire Saanen valley in the following year and introduced the Protestant Reformation.

The area of the canton of Bern consists of lands acquired by the city of Bern mostly between the 14th and the 16th century during the original Swiss Confederacy period , both by conquest and purchase.

Acquired districts, with dates of acquisition, include:. In the Middle Ages, upwards mobility and access to public offices was relatively easy for successful traders and craftsmen, but Bernese society became ever more stratified and aristocratic as the power and wealth of the city grew.

By the 17th century in the Early Modern period , citizenship had become an inherited prerogative, all political bodies elected one another and officials were elected for life.

In there were families that were qualified to rule, by that number was only , while towards the end of the 18th century there were only 69 such families.

Meanwhile, the land ruled by the town was extending over more and more territory, so that finally it governed 52 bailiwicks.

Patrician Landvögte , sheriffs , ruled the politically powerless countryside, often using armed force to put down peasant revolts.

In Vaud the Bernese occupants were not popular amongst the population. In , Major Abraham Davel led a revolt against Bern, in protest at what he saw as the denial of political rights of the French-speaking Vaudois by the German-speaking Bernese, and was subsequently beheaded.

A small airport , Belpmoos, is located a short distance south of Bern in Belp. Many people visit the market in the early morning and throw confetti.

They also hit other people with hammers made out of plastic. Since , every August 1 a national holiday in Switzerland they hold the Aareleuchten.

The Aareleuchten is paid for by SwissAid. During the festival , people put small ships with a light in them into the river Aare. All of these small lights make the Aare "glow.

One of the many fountains in the old part of the city. View over the river Aare towards the modern part of the city.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Bern disambiguation. For other uses, see Berne disambiguation.

Aerial view of the Old City. Coat of arms. Location of Bern Berne. Bern Berne. Aare near to Eymatt.

The Swiss parliament building in Bern. View towards the cathedral called "Münster". Federal Statistical Office.

Retrieved 13 January Retrieved 11 April Capitals of Europe.

Bern ist die Bundesstadt der Schweiz und die Hauptstadt des Kantons Bern. Die Berner Altstadt liegt in einer Flussschlaufe der Aare. Bern ist eine Stadt mit. Bern ist die Bundeshauptstadt der Schweiz und die Hauptstadt des Kantons Bern​. Die Berner Altstadt liegt in einer Flussschlaufe der Aare. hin, das an der Pädagogischen Hochschule Bern entwickelt wurde. Es analysiert deutschsprachige Wikipedia-Artikel automatisch anhand von. Bilder und Fotos: (numerische Reihenfolge) 38 52 Werner Stirnimann 62 Wikipedia 90 Dorfverein Ins ()​. Startseite; Menu; Inhalt; Kontakt; Suche; Sprachwahl; Wichtige Seiten. Portal UniBE · Fakultäten & Institute · Philosophisch-human- wissenschaftliche Fakultät​.

Bern Wikipedia Video

Patrick Hernandez - Born to Be Alive - Official Video (Clip Officiel)

Chronologie der Ereignisse. Juli ; abgerufen am 9. In: [Organisation] Hansdampf Hrsg. Reithalle Bern. Autonomie und Kultur im Zentrum.

In: Neue Zürcher Zeitung. Die Stadt in alten Fotografien. März , abgerufen am 6. Berichtsjahr Januar In: bgbern.

November im Internet Archive. In: bern. Soziale Schichten und ihre Mundart in Bern. In: Dies.

Bundesamt für Statistik, 1. Januar , archiviert vom Original ; abgerufen am 6. Stadt Bern, Statistikdienste, archiviert vom Original am März ; abgerufen am Stadt Bern Statistikdienste, Dezember , S.

Januar ; abgerufen am Neue Zürcher Zeitung , 4. In: each. Archiviert vom Original am Ein Gang durch das Jahrhundert.

Mai im Anhang: Judentum, was ist das eigentlich? In: videoportal. SRF Wissen, Juli , archiviert vom Original am Oktober ; abgerufen am August Begleittext; das Video nicht mehr verfügbar.

Juli im Internet Archive In: religionenschweiz. Ihre Entwicklung ist exemplarisch für ein Land, das sich entzweit.

In: NZZ vom 3. Stadt Bern, Stadt Bern, abgerufen am Januar , abgerufen am In: derbund. Abgerufen am Was können wir tun?

Gemeinderat der Stadt Bern, Oktober , archiviert vom Original am In: Rainer C. Schwinges u. Das Band [1]. Oktober Fassung vom 6.

Regierungsrat des Kantons Bern, archiviert vom Original am 6. Oktober ; abgerufen am 9. Stadt Bern, 6. Mai , abgerufen am 6.

Abgerufen am 6. In: sbb. Juli ; abgerufen am In: bls. Weltpostverein, abgerufen am 6. Universität Bern, April , archiviert vom Original am September ; abgerufen am Statistikdienste der Stadt Bern, August , archiviert vom Original am 7.

Bern Tourismus, Februar , archiviert vom Original am August ; abgerufen am Mercer , April , archiviert vom Original am August Februar , archiviert vom Original am 7.

In: zukunftbahnhofbern. Zukunft Bahnhof Bern, November , S. Memento vom 1. Juli im Webarchiv archive. In: bernerzeitung.

April , abgerufen am Der Bund , 2. Juni , abgerufen am 2. Berner Zeitung , Januar , abgerufen am 2. In: 20min. Mai , abgerufen am Februar , abgerufen am 6.

Energie Wasser Bern ewb, archiviert vom Original am 5. Energie Wasser Bern ewb, archiviert vom Original am April ; abgerufen am Global denken — lokal handeln.

Was ist Energiestadt? Dezember ; abgerufen am Feuerwehr und Rettung fusionieren Feuerwehr-Magazin vom Stadt Bern, , ehemals im Original ; abgerufen am Neuer Stichtag für Eintritt in den Kindergarten.

Stadt Bern, Dezember , archiviert vom Original am September Medienmitteilung. Januar , archiviert vom Original am Erziehungsdirektion des Kantons Bern, archiviert vom Original am In: Bundesamt für Statistik Hrsg.

Fachbereich 15, Bildung und Wissenschaft. März ]. Berner Fachhochschule, archiviert vom Original am Abgerufen am 5. Mai deutsch.

Bernisches Historisches Museum, Bern, abgerufen am 6. In: Andreas Kotte Hrsg. So sehen wir die Dinge. In: dampfzentrale. Dampfzentrale Bern, archiviert vom Original am 8.

Februar ; abgerufen am In: Der Standard. April , abgerufen am 3. In: Microsoft Encarta Stadt Bern, abgerufen am 8. In: bernergraniummaerit.

Verein Bärner Granium-Märit, abgerufen am Archiviert vom Original am 9. August-Feier mit Feuerwerk und Lichtermeer. Juli , archiviert vom Original am 1.

In: thunertagblatt. Juni , abgerufen am Gemeinderat der Stadt Bern, 2. April , abgerufen am 2. Landwirtschaftlicher Informationsdienst, 9.

September , abgerufen am 6. Altstadt von Bern Memento vom Dezember im Internet Archive. In: deutsche-museen. Tourismusbüro Bern, abgerufen am GSK, Bern ISBN In: wankdorfstadion.

In: badi-info. Stadt Bern, abgerufen am 6. In: Aargauer Zeitung. AZ Medien Gruppe , Chronologie und Bilder. In: bsvbernmuri.

Swiss Ice Hockey, archiviert vom Original am In: blick. Juni , archiviert vom Original am Grand-Prix von Bern, abgerufen am Schweizer Mittelland Tourismus, archiviert vom Original am In: markusryffels.

Archiviert vom Original am 1. In: juniorbeach. August , archiviert vom Original ; abgerufen am Oktober , abgerufen am 8. Februar , abgerufen am Politische Gemeinden im Verwaltungskreis Bern-Mittelland.

Gemäss aktuellem Stadtplan der Stadt Bern auf map. Siehe auch: Stadtteile der Stadt Bern. Namensräume Artikel Diskussion.

Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Commons Wikinews Wikiquote Wikisource Wikivoyage.

Staat :. Kanton :. Bern BE. Verwaltungskreis :. Bern-Mittelland w. Postleitzahl :. CH BRN inkl. Flughafen Belp. Koordinaten :.

Höhe :. Höhenbereich :. Fläche :. Dezember [2]. Einwohnerdichte :. Ausländeranteil : Einwohner ohne Bürgerrecht.

Arbeitslosenquote :. Stadtpräsident :. Alec von Graffenried GFL. Luftaufnahme der Berner Innenstadt, Juni Niederschlag mm.

Regentage d. I Innere Stadt. II Länggasse-Felsenau. III Mattenhof-Weissenbühl. IV Kirchenfeld-Schosshalde. V Breitenrain-Lorraine.

VI Bümpliz-Oberbottigen. Quartiere von Bern und Nachbargemeinden. Statistische Quartiere von Bern und Nachbargemeinden. Schweiz Schweiz.

Deutschland Deutschland. Italien Italien. Spanien Spanien. Portugal Portugal. Kosovo Kosovo. Turkei Türkei.

Nordmazedonien Mazedonien. The Bern zinc tablet has the name Brenodor "dwelling of Breno". The medieval city is a foundation of the Zähringer ruling family, which rose to power in Upper Burgundy in the 12th century.

In , Bern joined the Swiss Confederacy , becoming one of the eight cantons of the formative period of to Bern invaded and conquered Aargau in and Vaud in , as well as other smaller territories, thereby becoming the largest city-state north of the Alps ; by the 18th century, it comprised most of what is today the canton of Bern and the canton of Vaud.

The city grew out towards the west of the boundaries of the peninsula formed by the river Aare. The Zytglogge tower marked the western boundary of the city from until , when the Käfigturm took over this role until It was, in turn, succeeded by the Christoffelturm formerly located close to the site of the modern-day railway station until During the time of the Thirty Years' War , two new fortifications — the so-called big and small Schanze entrenchment — were built to protect the whole area of the peninsula.

After a major blaze in , the city's original wooden buildings were gradually replaced by half-timbered houses and subsequently the sandstone buildings which came to be characteristic for the Old Town.

Despite the waves of pestilence that hit Europe in the 14th century, the city continued to grow, mainly due to immigration from the surrounding countryside.

Bern was occupied by French troops in during the French Revolutionary Wars , when it was stripped of parts of its territories.

It regained control of the Bernese Oberland in , and following the Congress of Vienna of , it newly acquired the Bernese Jura. At this time, it once again became the largest canton of the Confederacy as it stood during the Restoration and until the secession of the canton of Jura in Bern was made the Federal City seat of the Federal Assembly within the new Swiss federal state in The city's population rose from about 5, in the 15th century to about 12, by and to above 60, by , passing the , mark during the s.

Population peaked during the s at , and has since decreased slightly, to below , by A further estimated , people live in the immediate urban agglomeration.

The countryside around Bern was formed by glaciers during the most recent ice age. The city was originally built on a hilly peninsula surrounded by the river Aare , but outgrew natural boundaries by the 19th century.

A number of bridges have been built to allow the city to expand beyond the Aare. Bern is built on very uneven ground. An elevation difference of up to 60 metres exists between the inner city districts on the Aare Matte , Marzili and the higher ones Kirchenfeld, Länggasse.

Bern has an area, as of [update] , of Of this area, 9. Of the rest of the land, Of the developed area of Bern, 3.

Power and water infrastructure, as well as other special developed areas, made up 1. Of Bern's total land area, Of the agricultural land, Local rivers and streams provide all the water in the municipality.

According to the Köppen Climate Classification , Bern has a humid continental climate Dfb [12] closely bordering on an oceanic climate Cfb.

The warmest month for Bern is July, with a daily mean temperature of There are The municipality is administratively subdivided into six districts Stadtteile , each of which consists of several quarters Quartiere.

The Municipal Council de: Gemeinderat , fr: conseil municipal constitutes the executive government of the City of Bern and operates as a collegiate authority.

The president of the executive department acts as mayor de: Stadtpräsident , fr: Le Maire. Departmental tasks, coordination measures and implementation of laws decreed by the City Council are carried by the Municipal Council.

The regular election of the Municipal Council by any inhabitant valid to vote is held every four years.

Any resident of Bern allowed to vote can be elected as a member of the Municipal Council. Contrary to most other municipalities, the executive government in Berne is selected by means of a system of Proporz.

The mayor is elected as such as well by public election while the heads of the other directorates are assigned by the collegiate.

The executive body holds its meetings in the Erlacherhof , built by architect Albrecht Stürler after Green Free List, who is the newly elected mayor since , and GB Green Alliance of Berne , giving the left parties a very strong majority of four out of five seats.

Jürg Wichtermann is State Chronicler Staatsschreiber since He has been elected by the collegiate. The City Council de: Stadtrat , fr: Conseil de ville holds legislative power.

It is made up of 80 members, with elections held every four years. The City Council decrees regulations and by-laws that are executed by the Municipal Council and the administration.

The delegates are selected by means of a system of proportional representation. The sessions of the City Council are public.

Unlike members of the Municipal Council, members of the City Council are not politicians by profession, and they are paid a fee based on their attendance.

Any resident of Bern allowed to vote can be elected as a member of the City Council. The parliament holds its meetings in the Stadthaus Town Hall.

This gives the left parties an absolute majority of 49 seats. In the federal election for the Swiss National Council the most popular party was the PS which received The next five most popular parties were the Green Party In the federal election, a total of 48, voters were cast, and the voter turnout was Bern has a population as of December [update] of , Over the 10 years between and , the population changed at a rate of 0.

Migration accounted for 1. Most of the population as of [update] speaks German , or There are people who speak Romansh. As of [update] , the population was The population was made up of 44, Swiss men There were 51, Swiss women There were 27, or As of [update] , children and teenagers 0—19 years old make up As of [update] , there were 59, people who were single and never married in the municipality.

There were 49, married individuals, 9, widows or widowers and 9, individuals who are divorced. As of [update] , there were 67, private households in the municipality, and an average of 1.

In [update] , a total of 65, apartments As of [update] the average price to rent an average apartment in Bern was The average rate for a one-room apartment was The average apartment price in Bern was The historical population is given in the following chart: [37].

From the census [update] , 60, or Of the rest of the population, there were 1, members of an Orthodox church or about 1.

There were persons or about 0. There were persons who were Buddhist , 1, persons who were Hindu and persons who belonged to another church.

For other uses, see Bern disambiguation. For other uses, see Berne disambiguation. Aerial view of the Old City. Coat of arms.

Location of Bern Berne. Bern Berne. Aare near to Eymatt. The Swiss parliament building in Bern. View towards the cathedral called "Münster".

Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 13 January Retrieved 11 April Capitals of Europe. European Union countries.


Bernisches Historisches Museum, Bern, Casino Vegas am 6. Dem Orchester, das sowohl als Symphonieorchester im Kultur Casino wie auch als Opernorchester im Stadttheater auftritt, gehören rund Musiker an. Oktoberabgerufen am 6. Im Berner Oberland ist der Tourismus der wichtigste Wirtschaftszweig. Website this web page Berne, Indiana, archiviert vom Original am Februar click at this page, abgerufen am Das im Jahr in Bern gegründete Evangelische Gemeinschaftswerkdamals Evangelische Gesellschaft zählt zu den grössten freikirchlichen Gemeinden. Neue Zürcher Zeitung4. Novemberabgerufen am 3. Das Becken wurde im Lauf des Tertiärs mit dem Abtragungsschutt der entstehenden Alpen aufgefüllt, wobei sich die Sedimente in verschiedene Schichten unterteilen lassen. Dieser feste, gebankte Sandstein enthält Glaukonit und ist als Baustein in der Berner Altstadt weit verbreitet. Novemberabgerufen am 3. Dezember im Internet Archive. Der Name der Stadt Bern ist erstmals in einer Urkunde vom 1. Damals Beste Spielothek in Borbeckerfeld finden der Kanton in 30 Amtsbezirke eingeteilt, welche die dezentralen Verwaltungseinheiten des Kantons bildeten. III: Mattenhof-Weissenbühl :. There were 95 housing units at an average density of Bingo Games the south lies the canton of Valais. There were persons or about 0. Die Stadt See more ist seit ihrer Gründung eine christliche Stadt. Altenberg identisch. Migration accounted for 1. Bridges Churches Fountains Towers Timeline. Bern Wikipedia Oktober ; abgerufen am 6. Die gegründete Zähringerstadt ist mit ihren charakteristischen Lauben teilweise Pick Auf Deutsch ihrer ursprünglichen Form erhalten. In: juniorbeach. In der Region Bern wird daher an zahlreichen Orten Kiesabbau betrieben. Jahrhundert mit click here Turmaufbauten vollendet click the following article konnte. Neuer Stichtag für Eintritt in den Kindergarten. Der Stadtpräsident leitet die Sitzungen des Gemeinderats. September In: wankdorfstadion. Siehe auch : Verwaltungskreise des Kantons Bern. ISBN

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Damals wurde der Kanton in 30 Amtsbezirke eingeteilt, welche die dezentralen Verwaltungseinheiten des Kantons bildeten. Dabei wird der Fasnachtsbär geweckt und aus seinem Käfig befreit. Air Engiadina später umbenannt in Swisswings hatte von bis zu deren Konkurs Bern bedient. Amtssprache :. Weisses Quartier here Grünes Quartier 3. September Die Stadt hat eine Internetseite für ihre Museen eingrichtet. Sie wurde im Jahre gebaut und überdacht. Villenquartier Kirchenfeld.

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